Monday , 6 April 2020

Speed/Red Light Enforcement & Safety

DTC and CCTV

In an effort to enhance security on its buses, particularly for women, Delhi Transport Corporation (DTC) installed close circuit television cameras on its buses last November.

Speaking to TrafficInfraTech, R S Minhas, DTC Spokesperson, said, “Under this project, DTC selected buses of two depots – Rajghat and Sarojini Nagar and 200 buses to install CCTV cameras in the first phase. It is being installed in 100 each low-floor non air-conditioned (green) and air conditioned (red) buses. Each bus has three CCTV cameras .”

A Control Room has also been set up at Rajghat Depot where DTC monitors the footages of the CCTV cameras on daily routine. The cameras have a capacity of recording for seven hours. . Each CCTV has capacity of storing the recordings of around 15 days.

Cluster buses, which are run by DIMTS, are also fitted with CCTVs. The Delhi Government moved on to make the orange cluster buses safer. There are 1,324 orange cluster buses being operated by Delhi Integrated Multi Modal Transit System while DTC operates around 4,900 buses.

“With the introduction of technology, we can have evidence- based violation detection”

“With the introduction of
technology, we can have
evidence- based violation
detection”

Jitender (IPS), Additional Commissioner of Police (Traffic), Hyderabad., further explained, “ALVR technology was introduced three-four years back and, since then the system has been working successfully. On an average day, around 500 cases are booked for Red Light jumping. Nearly 1000 cases are booked every day for different road violations like Stop line jumping and others through surveillance. And close to 400 cases are booked every day for over- speeding. We have seen major impact in the city by installing the technology; citizens/ drivers are vigilant on roads and even at the night time they will wait or stop at the see red-light. We have seen drastic change in the behaviour or greater compliance on part of citizen. We have procured the system from Matrix. We want to advance to next level of technology, which can detect violations at a one go: Stop line Crossing/Jumping, Red Light Jumping, Over Speeding, Zig- Zag Driving and Wrong-side Driving. All these violations can be identified with the help of same technology.”

He added, “We have Video wall that is being regularly monitored. Every day, around 1000 cases are booked based on the CCTV camera feeds. We have laser-guns for over speeding. This gun can record the speed of the vehicle. Challans are also issued based on the results obtained from the laser guns. It is purely evidence based, so when a challan is issued, we also provide with it the evidences and the recordings.”

Hyderabad has installed fixed surveillance cameras on all 25 cranes across the cities. There is a complete accountability for the vehicles which are towed away by the traffic crane. The cameras provide constant feeds that are sent to the control room. With these technology, the police is trying to bring in traffic regulation and enforcement, and much more transparency and accountability.

With limited technology, we have managed the traffic situation to a great extent. Manually it is very difficult to detect all kinds of violations and collect the evidence.

‘Smart’ Traffic System in Kerala

The ever increasing accidents on the road in Kerala with nearly 4000 deaths and around 35,000 injured every year, had become a major cause of concern and there was an urgent need to make a comprehensive programme of Traffic Safety and Enforcement. Hence, the Government of Kerala and the Kerala Police decided to launch the Subhayatra 2015 Project, which aimed at tackling all the three E’s of Traffic, namely Enforcement, Engineering and Education. The project provides for tackling traffic through a multi-faceted, coordinated effort of all sections of the society to make the roads in Kerala, a safer place to drive.

“Kerala has a very high vehicle density and there is a need for automated system.”

“Kerala has a very high
vehicle density and there
is a need for automated
system.”

Arun Kumar Sinha, Additional Director General of Police (Traffic), Kerala, said, “Shubhyatra 2015 aimed at reducing road traffic accidents and make roads in Kerala safer. There are many projects in the pipeline, relating to correction of Black Spots where maximum accidents are taking place, better enforcement and educating people on traffic. Three areas Kerala Police is working on are: identifying the accident-prone areas, taking remedial measures and better enforcement by making people wear helmet/seat belts etc.”

Till date, the Kerala police has prosecuted around 45,225 people under drunk driving, 16,000 people for rash and negligent driving and around 37000 for non-wearing of helmet.

Speeding and signal jumping are two of the major causes of crashes, death and injuries on the state highways. Automated speed management systems are an important element in speed control, and an effective counter measure to reduce crashes and accidents. To overcome the above issues facing the motorist and pedestrians, Keltron provided Traffic Management Solutions across the state by Over Speed Violation systems, Red Light violation systems and Traffic Surveillance systems at various critical junctions and highways.

For the Kerala Police, TMS is being planned the six major stretches in the state where accidents are a daily feature. The project designed by Keltron with the Kerala Police as a BOT project. Sinha, said, “We have placed speed cameras at the National Highways. Besides the Kerala Motor department, even the police department has placed around 115 cameras at the accident prone zones. These cameras can detect over-speeding cases. In 2014, two cameras installed by the Kerala police have managed to detect 10 lakh cases. In addition to that, we have cameras installed in the junctions of cities like Ernakulam, Thiruvananthapuram and Kochi to detect Red-Light violations. For example, in Thiruvananthapuram , there are around 23 cameras. Through modernization of police force, we are planning to install more cameras so that the entire city comes under traffic surveillance.”

The Kerala Traffic Police has around 84 speed radars, 115 speed detection cameras, 139 surveillance cameras, around 800 alcometer throughout the State. Along with Shubhyatra 2015, the police has also formed the Road Jagruta Committee, Road Safety Clubs and School Protection groups to create traffic awareness.

Sinha said, “From the user’s point of view, we have to educate and also train the police personnel on its complete functionalities. We are looking for Automatic Offence Detection System, for eg; if the person/driver violates the Red Line, the camera automatically detects and the fines are automatically generated. We are looking for cameras for the over-speeding cases. The advantage of this automatic system is, it will reduce arguments and also requires less manpower. In the present system, we have to constantly monitor the feeds that we receive from various cameras which is labour intensive. Therefore, we are looking at technology-driven system that can detect the offense and communicate to the concerned officials. We will be updating all our existing cameras, so that they work like e-cop (electronic cop). The cameras should work in such a way that it can recognize the driver not wearing the seat belt/helmet.”

There is a total synergy between Motor Vehicles Department and the Traffic Police as far as enforcement is concerned. The police is also dependent on Motor Vehicle Department in many areas like for instance, the Road Safety Fund is headed by the Transport Commissioner who allocates fund for traffic infrastructure and its improvement. However, Sinha cites some of the challenges like heavy motorization, poor road infrastructure, and encroachment on pavements by hawkers, lack of adequate manpower for handling traffic and lack of adequate funds for buying latest technology for accident prevention.

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