Wednesday , 3 June 2020

The Third Eye: Managing the Traffic

Intelligent Surveillance System at Gurugram

In a year’s time, Gurugram City in India will have CCTV surveillance and traffic management systems installed at selected locations across 115 sectors, including the industrial town of Manesar.

The project is part of an integrated video surveillance system that would perform traffic enforcement and general surveillance in the city.

NEC Technologies India (NECTI), the lead IT and network technologies integrator of the project will be deploying approximately 1,200 High Definition (HD) and Ultra High Definition (UHD) cameras are expected in over 200 traffic junctions, sending video feeds to monitoring centers 24 hours a day.

The video surveillance system will help enforce traffic discipline through the use of AI-based analytics software such as ANPR and RLVD.

Himanshu Garg, DCP-Traffic, Gurugram Police, said, “The system will monitor traffic junctions and other sensitive areas to identify traffic offenders and issue alarms. Subsequent e-challans (electronic fines) can be issued to offenders who are captured flouting traffic rules with the help of these systems.”

As part of the GMDA’s ‘City Wide CCTV Based Public Safety and Adaptive Traffic Management System’, the police department will get access to extensive surveillance infrastructure spread out across Gurugram and Manesar. Officials in the GMDA and police department will have wide-reaching implications for how crime is monitored, and responded to, in the city.

The police department, in consultation with the GMDA, has identified five areas where it will deploy ‘full surveillance’ measures, using fixed and ‘PTZ’ cameras which will be able to capture footage in 4K quality.

Garg said the surveillance system would be a useful tool to monitor activities across the city and to receive alerts . “This in turn will help us to respond to accident spot .”

Seven police stations in the city, and one in Manesar, will also be provided with a video feed viewing facility which will give them access to real-time footage from 1200 CCTV cameras across Gurugram and Manesar. The police and the administration will have advanced technology to aid their public safety and traffic management system as the GMDA’s ambitious CCTV camera project will start very soon. The project — Public Safety and Adaptive Traffic Management System — will begin with the installation of CCTV cameras at 220 intersections in the first phase. Another 140 junctions will be covered subsequently.

Officials said the CCTV cameras will be connected to the Integrated Command and Control Centre with the help of optical fibre network. There will be nine monitoring stations — the ICCC and eight police stations. The new surveillance system is expected to not only help the police track down errant vehicles and monitor the city’s traffic, but also act as a deterrent for anti-socials and criminals.

A preliminary survey has already been done by GMDA where it has made detailed drawings of all the junctions and identified the number and category of cameras required there. The feed from these CCTV cameras will be put into various analytics software such as facial recognition, speed violation detection system, e-challans, automatic number plate recognition system and red light violation detection system, and the output will be used by GMDA, Gurgaon police and other government agencies. “It can also be used for tracking the movement of a wanted criminal in the city or speeding violations or even spotting potholes,” Garg said

Apart from that, Gurugram traffic police have tied up with Google maps for dissemination of traffic related information in real time for public use.

The information such as planned road closures, diversions, traffic alerts regarding road crash etc. is now shared by Gurugram traffic police with Google maps. Based on the information shared by the traffic police, Google maps immediately updates the information on its public maps. For instance, if traffic police plans to close a particular road on a particular date and at a particular time for a proposed marathon, then this information is passed on to Google maps in advance. Google maps then shows the road as closed and automatically redirects the commuters to alternate roads.

This mechanism has been tested on numerous occasions and was found to be working effectively, said a press statement issued by the Gurugram police.

Similarly, if an accident takes place on a particular road, then this information is relayed to Google maps in real time and commuters who are stuck in the resulting traffic jam can see on Google maps that the congestion is being caused due to a road accident ahead.

The basic idea behind this arrangement is to prompt commuters to make intelligent choices in order to make their commuting experience hassle-free.

Earlier, traffic police had to force people to take alternate routes whenever road closures occurred. But now, with people having access to information in real time, they can plan their travel judiciously.


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